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Sophia is a social humanoid robot developed by the Hong Kong-based company Hanson Robotics.[1] Sophia was activated on February 14, 2016,[2] and made its first public appearance in mid-March 2016 at South by Southwest (SXSW) in Austin, Texas, United States.[3]




I Robot In Tamil 14



Sophia has been covered by media around the globe, and has participated in many high-profile interviews. In October 2017, Sophia was given Saudi Arabian citizenship, and became the first robot to receive citizenship of any country.[4][5] In November 2017, Sophia was named the United Nations Development Programme's first Innovation Champion, and is the first non-human to be given a United Nations title.[6]


Sophia was first activated on February 14, 2016.[7][8] The robot, modeled after the ancient Egyptian Queen Nefertiti,[9] Audrey Hepburn, and its inventor's wife, Amanda Hanson,[1][10] is known for its human-like appearance and behavior compared to previous robotic variants. As of 2018, Sophia's architecture includes scripting software, a chat system, and OpenCog, an AI system designed for general reasoning.[11] Sophia imitates human gestures and facial expressions and is able to answer certain questions and to make simple conversations on predefined topics (e.g. on the weather).[12] Sophia uses speech recognition technology from Alphabet Inc. (the parent company of Google) and is "designed to get smarter over time".[citation needed] Its speech synthesis ability is provided by CereProc's text-to-speech engine, and also allows it to sing. Sophia's intelligence software is designed by Hanson Robotics.[13][14] The AI program analyses conversations and extracts data that allows it to improve responses in the future.[15]


Hanson designed Sophia to be a suitable companion for the elderly at nursing homes, or to help crowds at large events or parks. He has said that he hopes that the robot can ultimately interact with other humans sufficiently to gain social skills.[4] Sophia is marketed as a "social robot" that can mimic social behavior and induce feelings of love in humans.[1][16]


Sophia is conceptually similar to the computer program ELIZA, which was one of the first attempts at simulating a human conversation.[22] The software has been programmed to give pre-written responses to specific questions or phrases, like a chatbot. These responses are used to create the illusion that the robot is able to understand conversation, including stock answers to questions like "Is the door open or shut?"[23] In 2017 Hanson Robotics announced plans to open Sophia to a cloud environment using a decentralized blockchain marketplace.[24][25]


Sophia has been interviewed in the same manner as a human, striking up conversations with hosts. Some replies have been nonsensical, while others have impressed interviewers such as 60 Minutes's Charlie Rose.[15] In a piece for CNBC, when the interviewer expressed concerns about robot behavior, Sophia joked that he had "been reading too much Elon Musk. And watching too many Hollywood movies".[36] Musk tweeted that Sophia should watch The Godfather and asked "what's the worst that could happen?"[37][38] Business Insider's chief UK editor Jim Edwards interviewed Sophia, and while the answers were "not altogether terrible", he predicted that Sophia was a step towards "conversational artificial intelligence".[39] At the 2018 Consumer Electronics Show, a BBC News reporter described talking with Sophia as "a slightly awkward experience".[40]


On October 11, 2017, Sophia was introduced to the United Nations with a brief conversation with the United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Amina J. Mohammed.[41] On October 25, at the Future Investment Summit in Riyadh, the robot was "granted Saudi Arabian citizenship", becoming the first robot ever to have a nationality, described as a publicity stunt.[38][42] This attracted controversy as some commentators wondered if this implied that Sophia could vote or marry, or whether a deliberate system shutdown could be considered murder. Social media users used Sophia's citizenship to criticize Saudi Arabia's human rights record. In December 2017, Sophia's creator David Hanson said in an interview that Sophia would use its citizenship to advocate for women's rights in its new country of citizenship; Newsweek criticized that "What [Hanson] means, exactly, is unclear".[43]


According to Quartz, experts who have reviewed the robot's open-source[44][45] code state that Sophia is best categorized as a chatbot with a face.[23] Many experts in the AI field disapprove of Sophia's overstated presentation. Ben Goertzel, the former chief scientist for the company that made Sophia, acknowledged that it is "not ideal" that some think of Sophia as having human-equivalent intelligence, but argues Sophia's presentation conveys something unique to audiences: "If I show them a beautiful smiling robot face, then they get the feeling that 'AGI' (artificial general intelligence) may indeed be nearby and viable... None of this is what I would call AGI, but nor is it simple to get working." Goertzel added that Sophia did utilize what The Verge described as "AI methods", including face tracking, emotion recognition, and robotic movements generated by deep neural networks. Sophia's dialogue is generated via a decision tree, but is integrated with these outputs uniquely.[46]


Background: Training surgeons to use surgical robots are becoming part of surgical training curricula. We propose a novel method of training fine-motor skills such as Microscopic Selection Task (MST) for robot-assisted surgery using virtual reality (VR) with objective quantification of performance. We also introduce vibrotactile feedback (VTFB) to study its impact on training performance.


Discussion: The addition of VTFB to VR-based training for robot-assisted surgeries may improve performance outcomes in real robotic surgery. VTFB, along with proposed performance metrics, can be used in training curricula for robot-assisted surgeries.


The phrase IoT, or Internet of Things, refers to the ability of real-world objects to be connected to the Internet. Elements are connected to the internet so that they can see the area around them with the least human interaction. The Internet of Goods brings together the digital and physical worlds to make our surroundings smarter and more responsive. The main purpose of this design is to operate the vehicle with simple hand movements. With the use of an accelerometer, the movements of the mortal hand will be tasted. For wireless connectivity, this system uses an additional RF transceiver module. Models can be built and required work can be done. Therefore, the proposed approach will benefit those working in hazardous environments and help them avoid pitfalls.. Robots are increasingly being used and used in industry to replace humans, especially when performing dangerous and dangerous activities. The hand gesture control bus is a type of robot that can perform complex tasks autonomously or under human supervision. They can be used in a variety of areas such as entrepreneurship, research, services and healthcare. Treatment of concentrated toxins, treatment of fatal illnesses such as Ebola and Nimbus, mitigation of disasters, and transportation of large industrial products can be dangerous to the mortal.


Welcome to Tamil Daily Calendar Website. In service to tamil people all around the world, we bring you the tamil daily calendar sheets for your auspicious events reference. Calendars shown above is for Indian timings. Kindly consult your astrologers for the specific time for your auspicious events.


Chithirai - First month on tamil calendar. Chithirai first date is tamil new year. Usually falls on 14 April of english calendar. Chithirai month have 31 days. Chithirai thiruvizha celebrated in this month.


The subject of self-learning of robots and machines is explored here. Talking about the fictional Babel fish, it is suggested that the advancements in technology leading to improved learning and translations by machines made the Babel fish a near-real entity.


Many of the examples, such as mind controlled prosthetic limbs, Ultra Hal Assistant and Dexter- the robot provide a trip down the AI memory lane where the applications of AI seemed like a page out of a sci-fi novel. It presents a list of areas where AI can assist human beings.


Abstract: Autonomous mobile robots are being extensively used in the area of navigation in different environment. It is essential for autonomous mobile robots to plan shortest return path to goal quickly in real world without any human intervention. This paper intends the approach to improve the information for better return path planning. The positioning is the most significant part of the path planning. Accurate positioning and path planning requires the virtuous tracing of the path travelled by robot. The paper proposes the effective method of tracing the robot path travelled to record the significant information.


True autonomous robots are intelligent machines that can perform tasks and operate in an environment independently, without human control or intervention. This level of autonomy gives the workforce the ability to delegate dull, dangerous, or dirty tasks to the robot so humans can spend more time doing the interesting, engaging, and valuable parts of their job. 350c69d7ab


https://soundcloud.com/lesawpieru/free-download-windows-10-full-version

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