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Digital Fortress [PORTABLE]

About Digital FortressDigital Fortress is a fast-growing multi-tenant and wholesale data center provider offering colocation, network, and cloud access services to large and mid-size enterprises. Since 1994, the company has expanded its nationwide footprint through both organic and inorganic strategies now operating nine SSAE SOC 1 and II, PCI, and HIPPA compliant facilities in Seattle, Portland, Denver, Chicago and New Jersey. In 2021, the company acquired a wholesale data center in Richmond, VA offering N+1 concurrently maintainable configurations with up to 25MW of expansion capabilities. All Digital Fortress facilities are carrier-neutral with 24/7 on-site support. For more information visit:

Digital fortress


The thematic focus of this conference is on media, migration and technology and all their possible linkages and intersections. While significant attention goes to digital technologies and social media, the organizers do aim for a broad focus that also includes traditional media, and aspects of media production, organization, consumption, representation and policy.

At the risk of getting political, which I try not to do in digital media, your review and this book made me think of the news today and how technology has been used by the Chinese government and bad players worldwide to influence elections and change governments. It is truly crazier than fiction.

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a list compiled by Alex Kasman (College of Charleston)HomeAllNewBrowseSearchAbout...Digital Fortress (1996) Dan Brown (click on names to see more mathematical fictionby the same author)...In a final act of defiance, a young Japanese genius threatens to makepublic his "unbreakable code" if the NSA does not confess that it has beenreading even encrypted e-mails. The heroine of the story is amathematician at the NSA, but you also cannot help but root for the"villain", whose plan continues to unfold even after his death.This particular page is, by far, the most visited page on this Website. This is a testament to the book's appeal, and the fact that it leaves people with questions they want to find answered on the internet. However, it means that this page has grown too long (with comments and arguments back and forth from site visitors) to be easily read. Therefore, with apologies to the people whose quotes are being cut, I am going to attempt to organize it. As of December 2, 2004, it is being completely revised and placed in a more reasonable order than merely the order in which the comments from site visitors were received.The topics you can read about below are: Do people like or dislike the book? (And are we allowed to have and voice these opinions?) How accurate is the math/computer science presented in the book? What non-mathematical errors are in the book? Who is Dan Brown's father? What is the solution to the code? Do people like or dislike the book? (And are we allowed to have and voice these opinions?)Obviously, many people do like this book. It is a best seller, and some people have written in to say what they liked about it and to defend the book from criticism. Others, including myself, did not like the book. Some of these people who did not like the book argued that it is amateurishly written, but most complain about the logical and mathematical errors. Especially considering that this sort of criticism is the focus of this entire website, I think that such comments are welcome. Moreover, I think it is worth noting that even though some people can read a book about a mathematician and enjoy it even though the mathematical ideas make no sense, there are others who will find these problems to be an obstacle to reading and enjoying the book. Personally, I found the writing to be lame and the plot twists to be nonsensical. I was unable to enjoy the book or suspend disbelief long enough to feel like I was doing anything other than wasting my time. Consequently, I was unable to finish it. Apparently, this was a mistake because (as with other Dan Brown books), many of the most interesting plot twists later explain that the things I found so annoying at the beginning were not true. However, this only partially resolves the problem. Clearly, I (as a reader) and the characters in the book (who are supposed to be really smart) are supposed to believe these things towards the beginning of the book, and so their lack of believability still affects my ability to read and enjoy the book.Note Added February 25, 2005: I still get about 5 messages a week from people who insist that we cannot complain about the innacuracies in this book. They say "You don't understand, it is FICTION so it doesn't have to be correct." But wait. Honestly! Can you tell me that you cannot imagine reading novel in which some things that don't make sense bother you even though it is fiction. Here's an example. Suppose there was a book about a man who is the most popular basketball player in the NBA, he has advertising contracts for every sort of product you could imagine, a wife who is a fashion model and chapter 3 you learn the shocking truth. Unbeknownst to most of the people around him, it turns out that he is actually both autistic and paralized from the neck down. His mother covered up this fact when he was a child by home schooling him and moving his arms and legs occassionally when nobody was looking, and the hoax was continued by one of his teammates. Most of the rest of the book is told from the point of view of his wife who is shocked and saddened and considers asking for a divorce since he is clearly not the man she thought she had married. Now, perhaps a few readers would not be bothered by this and say "it's fiction...not a biology textbook". Perhaps a few others would consider this artful writing. But,I bet 90 percent of the people who tried to read the book would stop at that point and say "That doesn't make any sense. I'm not going to finish reading this piece of ****." All I'm saying is that this book was the same way for me and quite a few other people who read it. I'm perfectly okay with the idea that other people like the book despite this, I'm just tired of hearing people tell me that I'm not allowed to have been annoyed by the nonsense! But, hey, that's just me! Let's see what other people have to say: Contributed byLeslie BaileyMy favorite fiction book with mathmatical content is "the curious incident of the dog in the nightime". By comparison "Digital Fortress" is written by someone with Special Needs. Contributed byAnonymousDigital Fortress falls victim to the ever so delicate balancing act between technical facts and made-up phrases (that try to convey technical meanings to the average reader) that has plagued books and movies alike for years. The author, while trying to pay justice to technical actualities, needs to keep the less technically inclined readers' interest at the same time not offend the technical readers by using terms like "tie-ins" or "kill code". As a professional in the IT industry, I find myself hoping that one day the right book or movie will find the correct balance and therefore shine because of this day I haven't found one that comes close. Contributed bySapphireI loved the book and the use of the mathematical content i am an a level maths student and i thought the mathematics used are perfect for the book. Compared to some other books i have read with mathematical content in them Dan Browns book in my opinion beats all the major contenders. Contributed byKathrynI thought the book was very interesting. I had problems with parts of it though because it seemed like Dan Brown went into "textbook mode" sometimes. He would say a term that most people wouldn't know and then he would give a definition of sorts that I thought he could have done a lot better. Contributed byChipI fail to understand how Dan's novels always seem to end up the same way, an excellent concept, very good plot twists, ruined by lack of research and fundamental errors. I am prepared usually to suspend disbelief, but this book went over the limit, either by glaring technical inaccuracies or just plain making things up. Contributed byAnonymous"I appreciated the story. I am familiar with encryption techniques and enjoyed the ideas that were discussed. The concept of encrypting a code with an unbreakable algorithm and then challenging the world to break the code was very clever. It was also fun to think about who "guards the guards." It was an enjoyable weekend read!" Contributed byVickieI hated this book (and finished it anyway out of curiosity). Instead of creating believable characters who do believable things, he twists them around and makes them do stupid things just so it all fits into the stupid plot. Case in point: Susan can't understand how somebody broke into her computer and aborted the tracer program. Somebody got her screensaver password? Excuse me--they are all cryptologists for pete's sake. How hard is it to crack their screensaver codes? Give me a break. Contributed byFionnI am 13, and I have just finished reading Digital Fortress. As with other Dan Brown books (I have read them all), there is a lot of speculation over the accuracy of the major themes in the book. I have not yet read anything that explains explicitly what is inaccurate in this book (except for the mention of the non-binary 64 character thing), nor with any other of his books. Even if it is inaccurate, it is a very interesting starting point for anyone with an interest in code-breaking. This is a very good novel, even if it is not entirely accurate.Contributed byIgor FedchunovI did NOT like the Digital Fortress at all. IMHO its literary quality is disgusting: look - main hero is linguistic genius, professor - and 6' tall athlete, main heroine is mathematical genius, and (!) hi-paid hi-level executive, and beautiful woman capturing male guard's dreaming gaze, etc. Of course they make passionate love - guess where? of course ! - in front of fireplace in a "manor" in smoky mountains. Looks like a high school attempt in fiction writing.As for the plot twists and rationale behind - to me the book looks like cheap work - if any work at all. The author wants action with gunfire in the heart of NSA. He (and any reasonable person) knows it is impossible because of tight security. Did he worked hard to imagine really smart twists to overcome security ? No, he just pretended there is no security at all, not even video monitoring, in the Crypto! and so on, and so on....Contributed byTrentThoroughly enjoyed the book -- only had to suspend reality a little bit(*), and couldn't put the silly thing down for the last half of the book! A new author for my library. YAY! Contributed bySamI'm 16 and I just finished this book about 30 minutes ago. Personally, I loved it. It was really intense at most points and hard to put down. I came here because I was sort-of in that mindset of the book.. and the end code is really simple so i agree with 'we are watching you', but I think that he could have put in something a lot more meaningful than that. I really enjoyed it and would recommend it to anyone who doesn't complain about every inconsistancy in works of fiction that they read.Contributed byAnonymousI am a 60 year old female application software engineer and have just finished the book. As a piece of fiction I really had fun with it as long as I suspended reality. I had the villan and key code figured out about half way through the book. As stated above, I couldn't believe a group of highly intelligent code breakers couldn't figure out the 'prime difference'. Oh well, it was fun and the Ultimate Code at the end was pretty simplistic. The biggest criticism (and this happens in too many books) is the hero is handsome, intelligent and cannot be killed while the heroine is beautiful, sexy, smart and needs to be protected........come on! Contributed byAmyThe error in the inconsistency of Dan Brown'n novels comes from the fact that he sells his books based on the impression that he has researched fully and one is to openly recieve and believe the info he is clumping together and passing around at truth (the DaVinci code in particular has some very stark pitfalls, most that poorly reflect the Catholic Church). Though I cannot totally abandon his books as his writing style and suspense factor is great. I personally love all three books I have read despite the inconsistancies. Though I am growing tired of the abundance of consistancy between Angels and Demons, The DaVinci Code, and Digital Fortress, though I have not read Deception Point I can only guess there will be a beautiful, intelligent female lead, a tall, greek-like similarly intelligent leading man, a father figure (for the female) gone awry, an innocent with too much knowlegde that ends up dead and so on.... similar character types and flaws make for similar plots no matter how varied the theme may be Contributed byReidIt was the worst book I ever read. I am not going to complain about the incosistencies, but I am going to complain about how predictable the book was. Although I missed a couple of details such as the NDAKOTA anagram, I knew, pretty much, how the thing was going to end by the first hundred or so pages. I will never put down a book, and that is why I raced through it. I wanted it to end as quickly as possible so I could read the Da Vinci Code, which I heard was excellent. Contributed byAstronotus ocellatusThis was Brown's first novel, so let's cut the guy some slack. Second, the book is fiction, Brown never claims his work to be real or 100% accurate. I am not a mathmatician or a computer programmer or a computer engineer, however, I do know about writing and for all those readers who claimed they hated the book and who just couldn't get over the programing inconsistancies, the mathematics, and the accuracy of the locations, this was not a text book teaching people about computer programming or about encryption, it was a novel, and for someone who appearantly does not know how to create characters or develoe plots it kept even the most critical and cynical of readers reading until the end. I don't know about the rest of you but I couldn't write a NY best seller if I tried. I assume that if Dan Brown can cause so many to have such an interest in his work as well as try so hard to decode his ultimate code, then he is a good writer. Too many of you were too rolled up in your own personal ego. Get over it, not everyone has to be as smart as you. When you publish a NY best seller on algorithms and mathematics I'll tip my hat to you.Contributed byAlexI think it is unfair to accuse critics of the book of being "rolled up in personal ego" or involved in an intellectual competition with the author. It is true that different people like different works of fiction (it is, after all, a matter of taste), but I think we all have this in common: if the story seems to make no sense or has too many inconsistencies, the reader will have trouble enjoying it. For instance, if the author seems to have trouble maintaining characterizations -- if the character's personalities change at random, not because of the intent of the author but because the author is simply not very good at characterization -- then the reader might find it difficult to BELIEVE in the book. One can also imagine an author who is not good at keeping a sensible plot. Similarly, once math and science are brought into a book as significant components, there are many readers who will be bothered if these are mishandled. I am one of these readers. If you are able to read the book without being bothered by the nonsensical mathematical aspects, that is fine with me. However, you ought to understand that for readers who know about and care about mathematics, this book makes as much sense as a book in which the characterization and/or plot are too stupid to be enjoyable. And, yes, we are not bestselling authors ourselves. However, this website is designed for people who know and are interested in mathematics. I suspect that those people will similarly find this book unpleasant or impossible to read, and it is the purpose of this website to provide them with that information. Contributed byJohn FakanI'm an avid reader (at least 100 books per year) and a PhD physicist/engineer with a strong interest in codes and ciphers. I've worked and co-lectured (luncheon/dinner speaker) for a number of years with the late Dan T. Moore, a good friend and former member of the OSS/CIA and author of "Cloak & Cipher". I have friends who work for the NSA, and I've also read Brown's "Angels and Demons" and "The DaVinci Code".With this background I found "Digital Fortress" a bit of a challenge to read and enjoy. It was filled with many assaults on my credulity, and I had to grant Brown a great deal of poetic license to get by those situations. Brown definitely has a knack as a storyteller, but I wish he would spend less time editorializing and more time researching and crafting his scenarios. "Digital Fortress" could have been so much better!But, I am glad I read it. My "3=Good" evaluation for the literary quality does reflect my feelings about it. I will read more of Brown's works in the hope he matures as a writer.Contributed byAlexThe quality of a book is a subjective, not an objective, measure. It depends, among other things, upon the interests of the reader. This website is intended to be for people who have an interest in mathematics as well as in fiction. Such readers seem to have trouble enjoying "Digital Fortress" because the whole plot makes no sense from a mathematical point of view. This does not mean that the book is objectively "bad", but it does mean that frequent visitors to this site probably will not want to read "Digital Fortress". Others who will simply ignore the mathematical aspects may well enjoy the book. This is the final word on these matters. I will not post any more comments on the debate of whether it is fair for us to complain about the mathematical aspects of this book. Contributed byAnonymousI'm not a mathematician, but a chemist (actually working as a programmer / analyst at present), so maybe I'm a little skewed, but the whole 238U, 235U, 239Pu thing seemed absurd. Before I was ever even interested in chemistry, I knew a whole lot about radioactive isotopes. When I first saw the list of "orphans" presented (on page 403 of the paperback), I knew that (although not at all representative of anything actually related to computer programming) it was a Cesarean cypher, and didn't even bother to write it out as I knew exactly where they were going. On page 406, I read the plaintext and knew in an instant how it was going to end (though I guessed 2 as the prime number between 239Pu [atomic number 94] and 235U [atomic number 92]--the whole 238U thing being absurd on so many levels as to make me want to strangle Brown), but seemed spellbound to subject myself to the remaining painful argumentation of all these scientists behaving like 4th graders (just single out Jabba to see what I mean) trying to figure out such a simple concept. Nonetheless, something about the book kept me reading past chapter 6 or so (whence I realized what direction the plot was going to go--downhill fast) and I don't consider it a waste of my time. Maybe there is a sort of morbid curiosity that just makes you want to keep reading to see how much worse he can distort reality?Contribute


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